Advocating for Academic Veterinary Medicine


The Governmental Affairs program works to secure resources in support of academic veterinary medicine. This includes informing and influencing policymakers and their staff on important issues that affect veterinary medicine’s impact on public health, including biomedical research, agriculture, and animal welfare, as well as both direct and indirect support for colleges of veterinary medicine.

 

 

Summer 2018 Advocacy Newsletter
Spring 2018 Advocacy Newsletter
Winter 2018 Advocacy Newsletter
Fall 2017 Advocacy Newsletter
Summer 2017 Advocacy Newsletter

 


Maintain the Federal Research Enterprise
Preserve the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program
Support the Veterinary Loan Repayment Program Enhancement Act

 


 
The AAVMC regularly conducts legislative briefings for Capitol Hill Congressional members and staff, often working in conjunction with the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). The briefings feature leading scientists who discuss the role veterinary medicine plays in helping address threats posed by infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, the need for increased federal support for biomedical research and other important topics.

Examples of Recent Legislative Briefings:

Honeybees, Pollinators, and the Veterinary Feed Directive: What's the Buzz?
AAVMC Capitol Hill Legislative Briefing Focuses on Zika, Veterinary Research
AMR Legislative Briefing Highlights Need for Action, One-Health Approach
Veterinarians in Biomedical Research
Implications of Educational Debt and the Higher Education Act

 



A number of AAVMC member institutions have developed infographics and other materials which demonstrate the critical role academic veterinary medicine plays in agricultural productivity, public health and economic development in the states they serve. Please click link below to examine some of those materials.
See examples of member institution materials

A Sustained and collaborative effort
 
Working closely with the government relations officers who serve our members, we monitor, review and respond to federal legislation or regulations that affect veterinary medical education. This includes maintaining a continuous presence on Capitol Hill to inform decision-makers and the public about the critical role that veterinary medical education plays. It contributes to society’s overall quality of life by educating veterinarians who advance medical knowledge, help to recognize and prevent the spread of diseases and pathogens, and protect our nation’s food supply.

We reach out to all branches of government to encourage the development of policies that will benefit veterinary medical education, and to explain the many ways in which such support will also enhance animal and public health. 

With input from our Advocacy Committee, the governmental affairs program identifies and addresses critical issues in veterinary medical education, such as the need for increased diversity and the too-burdensome debt load often carried by graduates. Our work includes supporting initiatives designed to encourage a wider spectrum of students, to reduce veterinary medical student debt through public and private support and loan-forgiveness programs, and to recognize the contributions that veterinarians make to our public health system. 

Finally, we work to keep the importance of veterinary medical education in the public’s eye through media outreach, public events and Hill briefings that highlight the crucial role that academic veterinary medicine plays in advancing society’s well-being.

Veterinary Medicine Caucus

The AAVMC works with a bipartisan Veterinary Medicine Caucus in the U.S. House of Representatives. Formed in March 2013, the caucus aims to increase awareness of the importance of veterinary medicine to research, public health, animal health and welfare, food safety and our overall economy. The caucus is led by Rep. Kurt Schrader (D-OR) and U.S. Rep. Ted Yoho (R-FL), who are both veterinarians. The congressmen continue to invite fellow representatives to join the caucus, and the caucus continues to underscore the critical role the veterinary medical profession plays in a healthy society. See a list of caucus members and learn more.

 

AAVMC Visits to NIH Highlight Importance of Academic Veterinary Medicine in Research

AAVMC staff and member representatives meet regularly with National Institutes of Health (NIH) leaders, as part of an ongoing outreach effort to share the AAVMC’s story and educate many high, institute-level NIH officials about research activity at member institutions and the importance of continued funding and collaboration. During these meetings, AAVMC members learn about potential areas where our member schools can better engage with the NIH and also potential opportunities for DVMs as NIH continues to examine its biomedical workforce needs. In recent meetings, the AAVMC has engaged with directors or deputy directors of National Center for Advancing Translational Science, National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Cancer Institute, Center for Scientific Review, and Office of Research Infrastructure Programs.

 

AAVMC Participates in the National Coalition for Food and Agriculture Research 

AAVMC is a member of the National Coalition for Food and Agriculture Research, known as NC-FAR. National C-FAR serves as a forum and a unified voice in support of sustaining and increasing public investment at the national level in food and agricultural research, extension and education. National CFAR is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, consensus-based and customer-led coalition established in 2001 that brings food, agriculture, nutrition, conservation and natural resource organizations together with the food and agriculture research and extension community. Learn more about National C-FAR.
View the AAVMC's Government Relations Brochure.

Advocacy Priorities

Continued Support for the Veterinary Services Grant Program. The Veterinary Services Grant Program (VSGP) was authorized in the last Farm Bill. Now in its third year, this is a USDA program that will allow recipients to establish or expand veterinary practices, establish mobile veterinary facilities, recruit veterinarians, technicians and students, and support continuing education and extension programs, among other important activities. In FY 2016, FY 2017, and FY 2018 the VSGP received funding of $2.5 million, and we are currently working with Congress to make sure the program is continued in the next Farm Bill. 

Support Increased Appropriations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP). The VMLRP recruits critically needed livestock and public health veterinarians to practice in areas of the country where they promote food safety and assist communities with agricultural needs. Funding for this program was at $5 million for the past two years. Educational debt has continued to increase, and the applications for this program have continued to grow as well. We have been very pleased that Congress increased funding in FY 2017 from $5 million to $6.5 million, and then to $8 million in FY 2018. 

Support Increased Appropriations for Research into Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria. President Obama proposed a National Strategy for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria (CARB) in order to protect public health. AAVMC and APLU have also created a joint white paper on this issue. We support appropriations of nearly $1.2 billion across several agencies to improve antibiotic stewardship, strengthen risk assessment, surveillance and reporting capabilities, and drive research and innovation in both the human and animal sectors. Support the Global Health Security Agenda. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is partnering with other federal agencies, other nations, international organizations and public and private stakeholders. The goal is to reduce the likelihood of disease outbreaks, detect threats early, and respond rapidly and effectively by coordinating international efforts.

Support the Global Health Security Agenda. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is partnering with other federal agencies, other nations, international organizations and public and private stakeholders. The goal is to reduce the likelihood of disease outbreaks, detect threats early, and respond rapidly and effectively by coordinating international efforts.

For any questions, please contact Kevin Cain, Director of Governmental Relations at 202-371-9195 or kcain@aavmc.org.

 

Governmental Affairs Initiatives - Appropriations Requests for FY 2019

Click here to view a table that describes specific funding requests for individual programs.

United States Department of Agriculture

Veterinary Services Grant Program (Sect. 7104 of the Agriculture Act of 2014) - $3 million

This is a new program created by the Farm Bill. It authorizes $10 million per year for a competitive research, extension and education grant program designed to ensure the provision of professional veterinary medical services in underserved, rural areas of the nation. The program was funded for the first time in FY 2016, at $2.5 million.

The Veterinary Services Grant Program (VSGP) will help relieve federally designated veterinary shortage situations by supporting private veterinary practices engaged in public health activities and veterinarians who are participating in or have successfully completed a Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) contract or similar state program. VSGP complements the VMLRP by helping large animal veterinarians become established in rural communities.

Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) - $8 million

The Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) was created in 2003 by the National Veterinary Medical Services Act (NVMSA) and is a student loan repayment program for veterinarians who practice in underserved areas. Loan repayment is essential to address shortages of veterinarians practicing food supply medicine and public health. 

VMLRP incentivizes specialization in food animal medicine, food safety and public health. Continued funding will permit the USDA to select veterinarians who will agree to practice food supply medicine and veterinary public health in federally designated veterinary shortage situations. Funding has been essentially level for several years, so this request recognizes the tremendous increases in student debt levels, and the need for additional debt forgiveness.

Fighting Antimicrobial Resistance

Each year at least 2 million people in the United States develop drug-resistant infections and more than 23,000 die. As with Zika and Ebola, drug-resistant bacteria pay no attention to our borders and can be brought into the country by international travelers. Last November, researchers in China discovered a new mechanism of bacterial resistance to colistin, an antibiotic used in humans after all others have failed. Since then, researchers have identified the colistin-resistant gene, MCR-1, in 18 additional countries and this number is sure to grow. We support appropriation in FY 2019 to continue the work including:

  • CDC’s Antibiotic Resistance Solutions Initiative ($200 million): The FY 2019 request will allow CDC to expand Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) prevention efforts to all 50 states, 6 major cities and Puerto Rico.
  • FDA’s Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria ($54 million): In FY 2019, the FDA would be better able to collaborate with consumers, producers, veterinarians and other agencies to monitor AMR through the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) as well as other initiatives by the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine to address AMR.
  • Additionally, we ask that the FY19 Agriculture Appropriations bill include $65.5 million for the USDA for antimicrobial resistance-related research, monitoring and surveillance, as a part of programs at USDA/NIFA, USDA/APHIS and the Agricultural Research Service (ARS).
Section 1433 Formula Funds for Animal Health and Research - $10 million

Animal Health and Disease Research funds provide essential support for research on diseases affecting food-producing animals. These funds are the most important source of research support for departments of veterinary science at U.S. universities.

In the Agriculture Act of 2014 (PL 113-79) this program was expanded to include a competitive grants component that focuses on food security, One Health, and stewardship. The AAVMC would like to see robust funding for this critical program expansion.

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) - $450 million

AFRI grants support research, education, and extension and integrated initiatives addressing issues of national, regional and multi- state importance to the safety, sustainability, and quality of American agriculture, including farm efficiency and profitability, ranching, renewable energy, forestry (both urban and agroforestry), aquaculture, rural communities and entrepreneurship, human nutrition, food safety, biotechnology, and conventional breeding. Our request is equal to the President’s FY 2016 budget request.

National Animal Health Laboratory Network – $15 million* (this amount is pending an update)

The National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) infrastructure plays a critical role in rapidly detecting and responding to foreign and domestic disease outbreaks and animal health emergencies that threaten our nation’s food supply and public health. The Agriculture Act of 2014 (PL 113-79) gave the NAHLN its own budget line for the first time, and authorized $15 million per year. Given the need in this area, we are requesting funding equal to the full authorization.

Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) – $2.5 million

FARAD is a congressionally-mandated risk-management program that is supported by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). FARAD's focus is limited to food animal species exclusively. The program is maintained by a consortium of universities, including University of California-Davis (UCD), University of Florida (UF), Kansas State University (KSU) and North Carolina State University (NCSU). FARAD's primary mission is to prevent or mitigate illegal or harmful residues of drugs, pesticides, bio-toxins and other chemical agents that may contaminate foods of animal origin. 

National Institutes of Health

$39.1 billion

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the nation’s federal health research agency, and the premier government-funded research agency worldwide. Nearly ninety percent of NIH funding flows to universities and other research institutions in the form of competitive grants. NIH is certainly grateful for the increase that it received in FY 2016, and the health community at large has rallied around this request as reasonable and one that allows NIH to maintain a minimum number of grants and awards.

 

Health Resources Services Administration

Title VII and VIII Health Professions Workforce Programs--$650 million*
 
The health professions programs, authorized under Title VII of the Public Health Service Act provide education and training opportunities to a wide variety of health care professionals and students. By educating and training an array of health professionals in interdisciplinary, community-based settings, the Title VII programs enhance the supply, diversity, and distribution of the workforce and address the deficits in the supply of health professionals.

Academic veterinary medical Institutions benefit from Title VII and VIII public health and preventive medicine programs that help address the growing shortages of public health professionals. Additionally, a public health loan repayment program will provide incentives for students to pursue public health careers.

Congressional Actions

 

HR 1268/S 487, Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program Enhancement Act

—SUPPORT

Each of these bills would amend the Internal Revenue Code to make VMLRP awards exempt from gross income and employment taxes. Awards are currently taxed at 39 percent. Those taxes are paid by USDA directly to the Treasury on behalf of the award recipient. Tax exemption for VMLRP awards would result in one additional veterinarian for every three based on current appropriations.

 

HR 2282/S 1006, The Equality Act of 2017—SUPPORT

The Equality Act of 2017 would amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to include protections tha ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, and sex in the areas of employment, housing, public accommodations, public education, federal funding, credit, and the jury system. The bill was introduced by Rep. David Cicilline (D-RI) in the House, and Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR) in the Senate. 

Executive Branch Activities


Implementation of the President’s Executive Order on Antibiotic Resistance

Five years ago, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) released a report entitled “Combating Antibiotic Resistance” which laid out several recommendations to address the problem. President Obama also issued an executive order directing various federal agencies and departments to develop a specific action plan by mid-February of 2014 that would address antibiotic resistance and protect public health.

As a result of these actions, the AAVMC, together with the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), created the Task Force on Antibiotic Resistance in Production Agriculture. The goal of the task force was to advise the federal government on a research agenda and to help publicly disseminate information on the judicious use of antibiotics in production agriculture. The task force was a collaborative effort whose members are well-positioned to advise the Obama administration as it considers strategies for addressing the serious public health threat posed by antimicrobial resistance. The task force issued this report in late 2015.

Support the White House Global Health Security Agenda

In 2014, 44 participating countries developed 11 Action Packages in support of the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA). They are designed to outline steps to prevent outbreaks, detect threats in real time, and rapidly respond to infectious disease threats. We believe strongly that academic veterinary medicine can and must play a central role in this agenda, which puts a priority on areas including combating antibiotic resistant bacteria, improving biosafety and biosecurity on a global basis, and preventing bioterrorism. There are three main areas of funding for this agenda, including: CDC Global Health Strategy, USAID Global Health Initiative, and the Fogarty International Center at NIH.

Educate Federal Agency Leadership on the Full Spectrum of Academic Veterinary Medicine

The AAVMC works hard to ensure that its audience on Capitol Hill and federal agencies understand that the impact of veterinary medicine on human health and wellbeing is far greater than the provision of clinical care for food and companion animals. AAVMC members and representatives will continue to champion the “One Health Initiative” to expand interdisciplinary collaborations in all aspects of health care for humans, animals and the environment.

AAVMC staff will also continue to work with consultants from CRD Associates to establish stronger, ongoing relationships with staff within several federal agencies, initially concentrating on NIH but eventually moving to other agencies as well.

Expand the Pool of Biomedical Postdoctoral Fellowships and Ensure that Veterinary Biomedical Postdoctoral Researchers Have the Same Opportunities for Loan Repayment Afforded to Other Health Professionals at NIH

The AAVMC will work with NIH to expand the shrinking pool of postdoctoral training opportunities. The AAVMC will also work to ensure that veterinary graduates have the same opportunities to compete for the existing positions available to other health professionals. The FY 2016 Labor HHS Appropriations bills included report language that would direct NIH to continue to publicize the program to potential applicants throughout all of the institutes and centers at AAVMC’s request. We continue to work with NIH to make sure that these efforts are advancing.

Increase the Opportunities for AAVMC Members to Participate in HRSA’s Diversity Training Programs

AAVMC member institutions are eligible to participate in the Title VII diversity programs, including the Centers of Excellence (COE) program, the Health Careers Opportunity Program (HCOP), the Minority Faculty Fellowship Program and the Scholarships for Disadvantaged Students Program. These programs are critical to building workforce capacity, but AAVMC member institutions participate in these programs on a limited basis. The AAVMC must educate HRSA leadership on the role the veterinary workforce plays in public health and preventing disease outbreaks. AAVMC will provide input to HRSA as guidance documents are developed and assistance to AAVMC member institutions in crafting high-quality applications.

 

Explore Opportunities to Participate in the HRSA Public Health and Preventive Medicine Programs

Given the impact veterinary medicine has on public health and disease prevention, members should be connected to these programs. Both the Public Health Traineeships and Public Health Training Centers fund schools of public health and other programs that provide training in public health. If there are barriers that prohibit AAVMC member participation, they should be addressed with HRSA leadership.