On Tuesday, February 15, the House Energy and Commerce Committee
unanimously passed the Veterinary Public Health Amendments Act (H.R. 525), which – if
approved by Congress – would allow for the repayment of the student loans for veterinarians
who commit to teaching or working in public health. The legislation, authored by
Congresswoman Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), clarifies the Public Health Services Act (PHSA) by
allowing the Secretary of Health and Human Services to use PHSA grants to support institutions
that educate future public health veterinarians.
The legislation will help meet the dramatically rising need for more doctors who are trained to
identify, diagnose, control, and monitor diseases that could be transmitted from animals to
humans. In recent years, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), monkeypox, West Nile
virus, Lyme disease, avian flu, and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy ("Mad Cow Disease"),
and Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), as well as the H1N1 flu, have had a significant impact on
public health, and veterinarians have played a vital role in protecting the public from these
"The Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) is excited about this
important legislation, which will open opportunities to U.S. colleges of veterinary medicine to
more effectively serve the health and welfare of our nation by protecting the food supply,
preventing the transmission of zoonotic diseases to people, securing our nation's defense, and
promoting the physical and mental well being of households through the health of their pets,"
said AAVMC Executive Director Marguerite Pappaioanou, DVM, PhD. "We urge the full House
of Representatives to pass the bill as soon as possible."
"Public health veterinarians are our frontline of defense against diseases transmitted from
animals to humans. Their role was never clearer than during the 2009 H1N1 virus outbreak,"
Congresswoman Baldwin explained. "Public health veterinarians inspect our slaughterhouses,
prevent a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak from devastating our economy and agriculture
industry, and protect our citizens against the threat of bio-terrorism. It's vitally important that our
veterinary workforce expand to meet rising health threats," Baldwin said.
A February 2009 report to Congress by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) revealed
that "there is a growing shortage of veterinarians nationwide, particularly of veterinarians who
care for animals raised for food, serve in rural communities, and have training in public health."
The Bureau of Labor Statistics projected the nation will need an additional 22,000 veterinarians
by 2016, a shortage described as a "threat to national security" by the American Veterinary
"The AAVMC is thankful to the House Energy and Commerce Committee – especially
Chairman Upton, Ranking Member Waxman, Congresswoman Tammy Baldwin, and
Congressmen Frank Pallone, Kurt Schrader, and Phil Gingrey – for their work on this legislation
and for recognizing that veterinarians are critical members of our nation's health team," said Dr.
Willie Reed, AAVMC president and dean of Purdue University's School of Veterinary Medicine.