AAVMC /APTR One Health Case Studies

One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines – working locally, nationally, and globally – to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment. The One Health initiative focuses attention on the importance of the connections between human health, animal health, and ecosystem health. The recent Ebola virus outbreak, along with the growing recognition of the importance of antimicrobial resistance, a spectrum of emerging and re-emerging diseases, as well as the positive benefits of human-animal interactions, is bringing One Health concepts to the attention of health professions educators.
The One Health Interprofessional Education Initiative seeks to integrate One Health concepts into the degree programs of health professions students through the case study method of instruction. To accomplish this goal the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) convened a Working Group in collaboration with the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research (APTR) and the Healthy People Curriculum Task Force (HPCTF). Fifteen case studies were selected for publication, and they are listed below.
One Health Interprofessional Education Webinar

APTR and AAVMC are pleased to present the One Health Interprofessional Education Webinar, which highlights four case studies available for use by instructors from a variety of health professions. Emerging infectious disease threats, as well as growing awareness about the dangers of antimicrobial resistance and the positive benefits of human-animal interactions are bringing One Health concepts to the attention of many educators in the health professions.

AAVMC/APTR One Health Care Studies

Microbiological Influences on Health and Disease

Environmental Health

Human-Animal Interaction and Comparative Medicine

One Health Educational Framework for Health Professional Students

The One Health Educational Framework is designed as a structure for the education of all health professions students to understand the relationship between human health, animal health, and ecosystem health. The framework consists of the following components:
  • Microbiologic influences on health and disease
    • Internal exposure e.g. microbiome and potential impact on health and disease
    • Antimicrobial resistance and mechanisms by which antimicrobial resistance occurs
    • Emergence of new diseases and mechanisms by which previously unknown diseases occur by crossing species boundaries, such as HIV/AIDS, SARS, Ebola virus
    • Long standing and re-emergent diseases, such as West Nile virus, rabies virus, animal-origin novel influenza viruses, Dengue fever, Chikungunya viruses, zoonotic tuberculosis
  • Environmental health
    • External exposures including air, food, and water, and the influence of the built and natural environment on health and disease impact of humans on the ecosystem and the potential to produce disease as well as control disease
    • Globalization and its impacts on health and disease
    • Long term ecosystem changes including climate change and impacts on weather patterns and vector epidemiology, ocean and habitat alterations, deforestation, and desertification
  • Human-animal interaction
    • Animal assisted therapy and service animals
    • Health benefits associated with interaction with animals
    • Animal-centered industries
For each of the components of the framework, health professions students should have the necessary knowledge to describe and the necessary skills to analyze:
  • Mechanisms for potential production of human and/or animal disease
  • The options for prevention to avoid occurrence of animal and human diseases
  • The options for early detection and actions to avoid spread of animal and human diseases
  • The options to address health problems once disease is established in a population including interprofessional actions involving the health care and public health systems
  • Impact on human health and responses to illness
  • Areas for ongoing study and potential application of One Health principles